CHABAD CUSTOM TO ASSEMBLING THE LULAV:
- Two rings are placed on the Lulav (palm branch) proper, and these should be covered by the Hadassim (myrtle branches) and Aravot (willows), even the top ring, at least somewhat.
- Three rings are used to bind the Hadassim and Aravot to the Lulav.
- These three rings are to be all within one handbreath
Wave the Lulav three times to and fro in each direction. Each time the four species are brought back, their lower tips should touch the chest (over the heart.) One faces east when shaking.
The first shake is to the south
The second shake is to the north
The third is east (straight ahead)
The fourth is upward
The fifth is downward
The sixth is to the west - twice southwest and once due west
NOTES FOR CHABAD CUSTOM:
- The top of the Esrog should be held next to the bottom of the Lulav.
- When holding the Esrog while making the movements and during the Hoshanot, the top of the Esrog should be covered with the fingers.
- When moving the Lulav and Esrog due west, the Esrog should be uncovered.
Wave the Lulav/Esrog in the directions indicated above.
During Hallel, only the Lulav is held until those periods of time when the shaking takes place. At that point, the Esrog is held together with the Lulav, shaked, and then the Esrog is placed down again while the Lulav remains in the right hand (for right handed people.)
During Hallel when saying "Hodu Lashem..." face east and wave the Lulav and Esrog three times in each direction, while saying the words:
"Hodu" - southeast
"Ki" - northeast
"Tov" - east
"Ki" - upward
"Leolam" - downward
"Chasdo" - twice southwest and once due west
The Lulav is not shaken at the time of saying G-d's name.
When reciting the "Ana Hashem Hoshiya Na" in Hallel:
Face east as above. When reciting the following words, face the following directions:
"Ana" - southeast and northeast
"Hoshiya" - east and upward
"Na" - downward and twice southwest and once due west
When reciting the final Hodu of Hallel follow the directions for Hodu above.