Friday, 28 November 2008
Wednesday, 26 November 2008
Friday, 21 November 2008
Yahrtzeit 24 MarCheshvan - Rav Avraham Azulai (Kabbalist) - Secrets about Eretz Yisrael and the Caves of Machpela
On his way from
He wrote a commentary on the Zohar called Ohr HaChama (Light of the Sun). In his book Ohr HaLevana (Light of the Moon), he wrote corrections (Hagahot) regarding the Zohar text. One of his books Ohr HaGanuz, a commentary on profound passages from the Zohar was lost. Knaff Renanim was a book he wrote, summarizing the Kavanot (mystical intentions) of the prayers according to the Ari. In Ma'ase Choshev, he summarizes the Kavanot of the Mitzvot according to the Ari. He also wrote a commentary on the Tanach: Baalei Brit Avraham. His books Perush Yakar Al Shisha Sidrei Mishna andPerush Yakar Al HaLevush are his commentaries on the Mishna and Halacha.
One of the most important achievements of R' Azulai was excavating R' Chaim Vital's manuscripts (later known as Etz Chaim) from his tomb in
Rabbi Avraham's great grandson was the famous Tzaddik, Rabbi Yosef Chaim David Azulai (HaChidah).
For more about the Caves of Machpela see: http://www.machpela.com and to hear more about this fascinating story with video see:
The matter is this, when
Everything outside of the [holy] land [is under the dominion of] the storm wind, thick cloud and flashing fire. These are the "outside" (i.e., the dark) forces, the atmosphere of the lands of the "outside" nations.
Also, know that for one to live in the
Know that the minor numerical value of [the word]
This is a reference to [the fact] that those who dwell there [in Tzfat] are dealt with [by G-d] with the thirteen attributes [of mercy] which come forth from [the Sefirah] Keter. [The Name] Ekyeh corresponds to Keter, therefore Tzfat is one of the cities of refuge to safeguard souls. Tzfat's [minor numerical value] is 21. Adding [the value of] one [to include the word itself] is 22. This corresponds to the 22 letters in the Torah. This is a hint that Tzfat is ready and prepared to be [that place] where the deep secrets of the Torah are perceived. For there is no better and more pure air in all
Meron corresponds to [the sefirah Tiferet]. Now the Aramaic translation of the word "sheep" is "Meroni". This is a similar term [to the word] "Maran" (L-rd), as in "L-rd of Heaven", which is an appellation to Tiferet. This is also the meaning of the verse in Ezekiel 34:31, [G-d says to
"And Lavan along with his brethren, pitched his tent." The meaning of this is that Lavan intended, through the powers of black magic, to tear out Yaakov from [the world] so that he would not be buried in the
The Torah and the land of Israel share a single connection (i.e., are from the same source). Similarly, the Jewish people, without a doubt, share a single connection with the Holy Land, because of the [holy] connection of their souls.(Maayan 3, Nahar 7, Chesed L’Avraham)
Friday, 14 November 2008
RAV AMRAM CHASIDAH (THE PIOUS)
(And a Lesson in Humility)
Rav Amram is one of the Amoraim (teachers mentioned in the Talmud.) He was a second generation Amora. He is famous for being extra stringent upon himself – something looked down upon by many even in his generation.
So stringent was he that he maintained that women should wear Tzitzit and had them attached to all the aprons of the women in his household (Sukka 11a).
Rashi says that the servants of the Reisha Degaluta (the leading Rabbi of each generation of the exile from the time the first
The Talmud (Kiddushin 81a) tells a fascinating story of Rav Amram. One which we would all do well to internalise in order to understand the wiles of the evil inclination – and to know that many of our own challenges were experienced by even the greatest of the rabbis in previous generations.
It happened that some captive redeemed women were brought to the house of Rav Amram Chasida in Nahardea. It seems that he had been instrumental in their release, and therefore the women were brought to his house. They were placed in the second story of his house and the ladder was taken away. As one of the women passed by the hatch that was used as a passageway between the upper and lower stories of the house, a light shone into the house through the hatch. The light illuminated one of the women – and her face was so beautiful that it itself provided even more “light”. Rav Amram was so taken in by the beauty of this woman that he took a ladder that even ten people could not lift and lifted it by himself, placed it under the hatch, and began to ascend! When he reached the middle of the ladder he steadied himself on it and began to scream, “There is a fire in the house of Amram!” (He realised well what would happen and that people would come running to find him climbing the ladder to commit a prohibited act, thereby embarrassing himself right then and there!)
The Rabbis came running and saw that there was not in fact any fire at all. They shouted at him, “You have put us to shame!” He replied to them, “Better that you be shamed in the house of Amram in this world, and not be ashamed of him in the World to Come.” At this point in time the Talmud says something quite amazing! Rav Amram commanded the evil inclination to leave him and it left him in the form of a fiery column! Rav Amram said to it, “Observe, you are fire, and I am flesh – yet I am stronger than you.”
What can we learn from a 1700 year old story?!
It is known that throughout the generations the levels of holiness actually declines. It may seem to many of those devoted to Torah today, that they have already perfected most areas of Torah fulfilling it with the highest levels of piety! But even a Rav Amram – a leader, a giant and a lion of Torah who lived 1700 years ago can also stumble. (This is at least in accordance with the simple meaning of the text. There is obviously much more hidden underneath this superficial veneer of the event that occurred to him!)
If these tests could occur to such giants, we should well realise just how truly far from the path of Torah we are. Such stories should therefore also give us the encouragement to realise that even such things can happen to us today (no matter how great we think we have become!) We should realise that the battles we face are very real ones. We do have the power to overcome them though if we are able to truly work on ourselves. Sometimes, however it means being a Rav Amram to overcome them! Sometimes it also means simply being humble enough to acknowledge our “humanness” – a shared balance between animal (the body) and G-d (the soul.)
It is no wonder that the focus of the magnum opus of the Alter Rebbe – the Tanya – is all about the battle between the animal soul of man and the G-dly soul which is his essence.
Many areas of the world are flooded today with “extremely pious people”. All would do well to know that dressing the part, acting the part, speaking the part or even thinking the part, do not take away from the reality of a person having within himself an animal soul as well. A very real one that does its utmost to make a man (or woman) succumb to the basest of desires in moments. As the Talmud teaches “No man comes to sin unless a spirit of folly enters him” (Sota 3a). In a sudden moment when we least expect it, these negative forces enter one imposing their own powers compelling one to obey their wishes – even when in the most logical of moments we would “laugh” at even thinking of doing the things we sometimes do.
Thank G-d – our true Torah teachers and Tzaddikim teach us the real path, to know where we stand in reality and to balance ourselves accordingly at all times – to use the lights of Tohu (the most powerful lights to achieve anything) – with the vessels of Tikkun (vessels that shape the light making it only reach out to where it should without becoming lost in it’s own erratic and destructive behaviour!)
It takes the humility of a Rav Amram to make us aware of the need to see life in reality, to know its tests and to fight them with every possible force we have – and to ultimately win the battle!
Ever wondered about the real power of the animal soul, the Yetzer HaRa– or felt that maybe it’s simply easily overcome through wearing the right outer garments?! Get yourself a copy of the Tanya to see just how this “clever little fellow” is able to trick us – and how we can work on winning the battle against it. If you’d like to learn it together, be in touch with Rav Eliyahu – firstname.lastname@example.org and set up a one-on-one or group session – over the Internet using Skype, or in person.
For an easy read, get yourself a copy of “Under the Table” by Rabbi Avraham Greenbaum.
This beautiful book tells the story of the
The turkey-prince may well reflect the battle between the two souls. The tests are real. What we need to do is to battle through them, doing our best (and even better!) each day to overcome these awesome challenges. We should realise though – that even the greatest giants of Torah have experienced such similar challenges – they on their levels – and we on ours. Let us not deceive ourselves into thinking that we have overcome the greatest challenges and tests of life – just because we look the part. Rather, let us confront our own challenges as best as we can, to overcome the fires in our own houses.
LIGHT A CANDLE (of fire!) FOR RAV AMRAM...
May the merit of Rav Amram Chasida protect us all, especially from the trickery of the Yetzer HaRa, and may we all merit – as did Rav Amram to be able to simply command our Yetzer Hara to leave – and it do so immediately – and with the removal of the side of unholiness, may we merit the final redemption immediately!